Framing the National Convention between Two Clevelands

Framing the National Convention between Two Clevelands

Grover Cleveland

“It is said that the quality of recent immigration is undesirable. The time is quite within recent memory when the same thing was said of immigrants who, with their descendants, are now numbered among our best citizens.”

President Grover Cleveland, 1897

Today, it can be easy to forget that Germans were once derided for not speaking English, the Irish were resented for being Catholic, and that Eastern Europeans were considered inferior to “real” white people. There is no doubt that the new surge of anti-immigrant backlash is aimed at Latin Americans and Muslims. On Monday, the Republican National Committee unveiled its most harshly anti-immigrant platform in recent history. It’s theme — “Make America Safe Again” — reaffirmed the immigration issue as a central focus of Donald Trump’s campaign. Between stories that muddled the lines between terrorism, crime, unemployment, refugees and immigration, the response of a heated, raucous crowd, shouting “Build the Wall,” and praise of the Republican nominee as a lifesaver from God, there is no doubt that they do believe that the quality of recent immigrants is undesirable.


President Cleveland’s words from over a century ago make it clear that our nation’s ongoing dialogue on immigration has been repeating the same theme throughout our history. Although we are a nation of immigrants, a section of us always fears, excludes, and seeks to bar the newcomer.

Interestingly, the Republican political convention and its anti-immigrant rhetoric is taking place in a city that has pushed hard in recent years to attract newcomers instead of repel them. Like other Midwestern cities, Cleveland was once a symbol of the American dream, a place where blue-collar jobs could provide a comfortable life. That glory was created by past waves of migrants Clevelandincluding Irish immigrants, Eastern European refugees, and African Americans moving from the deep-south. It’s peak was built on immigrants, and it seems its revival will be built on immigrants. A growing coalition of local politicians, business leaders and activists are looking resuscitate the city by seeking newcomers. More and more immigrants from Latin America, Asia and the Middle East are coming, and the focus has shifted from blue to white collar work. Additionally, despite a nationwide debate over whether to accept refugees from Syria and other countries, Cleveland agreed to up the number of refugees it would accept each year and has plans to accept more.

Perhaps nowhere best shows how Cleveland was shaped by immigrants as the West Side Market and the Cultural Gardens.  The market offers homemade food from around the globe — Polish pierogis, Cambodian banana leaf, Middle Eastern tabbouleh, Mexican tamales. Additionally, the 276-acre Cultural Gardens is made up of 31 distinct gardens honoring those who molded the city. The first, planted a century ago was the British garden, and the latest, planted in 2012, is the Albanian garden.

For me, wedging the RNC between the two Clevelands helps me understand our nation of immigrants. President Grover Cleveland’s message is that the discrimination currently faced by the current group of “undesirables” will eventually subside; they will become Americans and enough so that they, too, may eventually discriminate against immigrants themselves. And the city of Cleveland shows me that even though a group of us will always be there to mistrust the newcomer, a different group is there who understands that the America is better with immigrants and all the opportunity they bring. Joe Cimperman, the president of Global Cleveland, a nonprofit that assists people settling in from overseas, could not have been more correct when he stated, “While the passengers on the road have changed, the road is still the same.”

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